Tents – Shelters

Backpackers sometimes need shelter, but don’t necessarily always need to carry a tent. Many hikers sleep out under the stars, especially in the summer. (Some call this “cowboy camping.”) It saves time and energy and can be very pleasant under the right conditions. There is something special about seeing the stars and hearing the night noises without the artificial barrier of a tent and rain fly – especially if the weather is mild and the mosquitoes are gone for the season.

Instead of tents, some hikers just carry lightweight tarps which can be combined with walking sticks to construct a quick shelter if the weather is bad. However, most beginning backpacking are psychologically unprepared to embark on a long expedition without the comfort and security of a standard tent, despite the added weight they have to carry. Therefore, almost everyone has to buy one before their first trip. (Many Troops buy and store tents to get the best deals and to ensure that they have exactly what they need ahead of time.)

Buying a backpacking tent can be a confusing and expensive proposition. Dozens of manufacturers produce hundreds of tent models with distinctive styles and features – all described with a maximum of marketing doublespeak. Many are inexpensive, but the quality is so poor that they might not last the season. Inexpensive tents can also be heavy and difficult to erect. On the other hand, expensive tents can be fragile and impossible for teenagers to keep in good condition. A high percentage of tent models get discontinued every year when their deficiencies become obvious, leaving some Troops without replacement parts. So for groups new to backpacking, purchasing tents is a costly gamble.

Two standard criteria for tent selection are: single vs. double wall and three-season vs. four season. However, both criteria quickly become immaterial when you understand the rigors of back country camping and the cost constraints of most Scout families.

Single Wall vs. Double Wall Tents
Double wall tents have rain flies. The outer wall (rain fly) is usually made of waterproof nylon and the inner wall is made of breathable nylon and mesh. The outer layer is what protects you from rain, snow, and wind. The inner layer protects you from condensation and mosquitoes. If you expect bad weather, bring your rain fly. Otherwise save the weight and leave the rain fly at home. Almost all backpackers start with double-wall tents.

Single wall tents eliminate rain flies, but the remaining wall needs to be waterproof enough to withstand a storm and breathable enough to eliminate overnight condensation (to lessen the chance of wet sleeping bags in the morning). This translates into a high price tag – and makes it a bad investment for beginners.

Three Season vs. Four Season Tents
Three season tents are designed for use in the Spring, Summer, and Fall when almost all backpacking occurs. Adding a fourth season (Winter) to the product description means adding thickness to the tent walls, weight to the poles, and $$$ to the price tag.

If you plan to climb Mt. Rainer in a snowstorm, a strong four season tent is the way to go. Otherwise, a three-season tent will meet almost all your backpacking requirements.

Selecting a good backpacking tent is a very personal experience, but there are things to consider before making a purchase. Experienced backpackers sometimes end up with several tents in their garage, each with different characteristics.

Weight: Anything over three pounds per person is too heavy. Some backpacking teams use a two-man tent, then split up the tent pieces and each carry half of the weight. Sharing gear allows the purchase of heavier, more rugged tents that last a few seasons in an active Troop, but it also increases the risk of missing poles, footprints, and rain flies.
Capacity: Many ‘two-person’ tents are really ‘one-person tents unless the people inside will be spooning (which rarely happens in Scout backpacking.) Plus many ‘one-person’ tents are claustrophobic and without room for your gear. You want a tent/rain fly that is barely large enough to cover you and all your equipment.
Free Standing: Free standing tents are quick to set up and easy to move if necessary. Staked tents might be more stable in a storm, but you are always looking for stakes and rocks to pound them. (A free standing tent might have optional stakes for added stability but a staked tent REQUIRES that stakes be used.) If there are tent poles, they should be light but strong.
Easy to Use: Tents should be easy and fast to set up (without instructions) and easy to roll up and get into the stuff sack. They should also be easy to fit into your backpack.

Decades ago tents were not made with floors and a ground cloth was an important piece of equipment. Today tents have floors, but the ground cloth provides an extra layer of protection for the bottom of the tent, especially if the ground is wet. Therefore, a ground cloth (or footprint) is recommended when the tent is new but less important as the tent gets older. ‘Ounce counters’ usually leave their ground cloth at home anyway unless they expect really bad weather.

Remember that tent seams need to be sealed after you bring the tent home. Buy sealant at a hardware or sporting goods store and then rub it across every seam on the tent. It’s a good idea to repeat this every two years.

Unfortunately, it’s very difficult to decide if a tent meets your needs without using it a few times. Lucky hikers can borrow tents from friends to try them out. Most just buy from a reputable source (but you can’t be afraid to return the used tent for a refund if it doesn’t work out.)

Here is a really big chart with information about tents and such. It’s from REI, which knows a lot about tents. The tip about mosquitoes is especially good.

Tents Infographic: 10 Tent Tips for Happy Camping

Check out REI’s wide selection of tents

Picking a backpacking tent is a personal thing. Weight is important, of course, but so is space and how easy it is to set up and take down. Here is a very comprehensive look at two-person tents and their weight/cost ratios. It does not include one-person tents, but many of the tents listed come in one-person versions that weight a little less.

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